Dhruvika writes on sustainable practices in various sectors for BuzzOnEarth. Get in touch with her at dhruvika@buzzonearth.com. Sometimes she reads her emails too.

India is home to 1.35 billion people. That’s unarguably a massive number. The waste generation coupled with its mismanagement would probably lead you to believe that India would be the worst hit country by plastic pollution in the world. Believe it or not, India is not in the top 10 and the reason is- the community of ragpickers in India.

Today is World Environment Day and India is in charge of the party. The theme is plastic pollution. 8 of the 10 biggest plastic polluters of the world are Asian countries but India is not one of them. Ragpickers or waste-pickers are solely responsible for this outcome. They are responsible for collecting, sorting and segregating waste and they sell it to earn their living.

Photo: Sander Wehkamp via Unsplash

There are estimated to be 1.5 million to 4 million ragpickers in India responsible for cleaning about 62 million tonnes of waste annually. But are they looked up to as the real heroes of India? Hardly. They are more of a discarded part of the society.

They work without any job security, pension, and sufficient money. They work continuously all day only to earn a few bucks so that they wouldn’t end up sleeping on an empty stomach. On an average, they get paid only around Rs 200 per day. The condition they work in is even worse.

They work with bare hands and feet in a toxic environment. The fumes, feces, deadly germs, stench have a horrendous effect on their health. They burn electronic waste to extract copper which fetches a higher price than plastic waste but produces toxic fumes. Many die of tuberculosis, infections, typhoid, rashes etc. This is one community that should be given special medical treatment but even government hospitals refuse to treat them.

Photo: Ayotunde Oguntoyinbo via Unsplash

Moreover, most of them are underage, yes, just like in Danny Boyle’s Slumdog Millionaire. But unfortunately, not many end up being a millionaire. Instead, they live in utter poverty discarded and ignored by the people as well as authorities. Most of them are migrants and have no other place to work and no formal education either.

Neither the ragpickers nor the society acknowledges the importance of cleaning up waste. People do not handle their trash appropriately. Not many households in India responsibly segregate organic and inorganic waste items. It’s common knowledge that the waste containing blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs) should be discarded with care. But not many people care to do such thing. The responsibility also falls into the consumer’s hand.

Ragpickers are the heroes that India needs and they should be treated like ones too. With proper safety gears and gadgets, better healthcare services and recognition, they can be our key to beat plastic pollution and save our ‘Environment’ Day.



  1. Well said, indeed this section of our society needs to be taken care of by providing them with suitable tools of technology organisation and a sympathetic attitude .

    1. Couldn’t agree more with you Sharda! The life these people live is devoid of most of the basic human rights.
      Thanks for the comment. Keep reading our stories.

  2. Some observations about ragpickers:
    The ragpickers operate from 430 am to about 545 am in Indiranagar.
    – They have individual routes
    – They specialize in the products thet they pick up
    – They usually do not go near the biotrash because that is picked up by the BBMP team later – around 830am to 10am
    – They sort out their goods in groups in the morning and then get them to the trash dealers
    – Items picked up include: paper, light plastics, heavy plastics, metal items
    – Items specialized in by another ragpickers are not picked up by one who is in a different field
    – Many of them wear gloves
    – Many of them are mid-aged women & the numbers of young children has reduced in the last 5 years
    – They have fixed routes and timings

    If there is to be external management intervention in their work it should be to make them better organized themselves and with only the provision of ideas to them.

    1. Couldn’t agree more with you! An external management might be the much-needed solution to the problem which only resulted from the negligence and lack of attention from the authorities.
      Thanks for the insightful comment.

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