Don’t you want to have a crispy breakfast in the sunshine in your gardens? Do you really not want to have tomatoes, green chilly grow in your own garden? Are you keen to have gardens and love gardening, but you are not finding the place to fulfill your interest due to the small space that you have finally left in your home, thanks to rapid urbanization? Well, heard about Roof Gardens?
Along with decorative benefits, roof planting may provide food, temperature control, architectural enhancement, habitats, recreational ways, ecological and environmental benefits. It can be done with the help of container gardens, air-dynaponics, aeroponics, hydroponics, or green roof. Roof gardens can be Extensive Roof Garden, Semi-intensive Roof gardens, Intensive Roof gardens. These are designed with an insulation layer at the bottom, a waterproof membrane for preventing leakages from the building, and a root barrier for preventing roots’ penetration. In today’s article, we are going to discuss the benefits of having Roof gardens to the environment and human life:
Benefits of roof gardens
- Roof gardens give happiness: Away from the populated areas, free from pollution, increase water and air quality on the rooftop garden provides happiness and provides health care and reduce stress. This will increase the efficiency to work, and we generally become more energetic and productive.
- Improve air quality: Rooftop Garden provides the filtering of air pollution particles and gases through plants and the photosynthesis process. It helps in decreasing the emission of greenhouse effects in urban areas.
- Decrease waste: Rooftop Garden helps in reducing the waste, which includes the waterproofing membrane used on the roofs, and decrease the heat, provides ventilation, and improves the air conditioning system.
- Effective Use of Rainwater: Rain is a free gift of nature, and the Rooftop Garden is the perfect option to make use of rain and energy that we get from the environment. Plantation on the roofs creates rainfall, the extra water can be stored for later use, and then the water can be returned back to the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration process.
- Urban Heat Island (UHI) Effect Control: One of the most important and positive benefits of the Rooftop Garden is the Urban heat island (UHI) effect. The urban heat island (UHI) effect will decrease the impact of high temperature in city areas that are created in summers due to the use of air conditioners and other cooling systems. The entire city will be benefited from this aid.
- Energy efficiency: Rooftop Garden can lead to less and more effective use of energy. They help in improving great insulation, retain heat in winter seasons, and keep the temperature cool in summer seasons. The National Research Council of Canada’s study concluded that Rooftop Garden could modify temperature fluctuations, moderate heat flow through the rooftops, and reduce the energy demand for air-conditioning during hooter seasons of summer and spring.
- Urban agriculture: Rooftop Garden helps in doing Urban agriculture, which is a boom and has a drastic positive effect on urban life. This will also involve the green roofs as miniature farms that produce fresh food and fresh air.
- Less noise: The Rooftop Garden provides insulation to the high temperatures as well as the to the noise.. the combination of soil and plant absorbs, reflect, deflect the sound waves by providing the building excellent noise reduction, with low-frequency sounds. This will immensely help in reducing the rate of noise pollution in cities or areas that are located near airports, etc.
- Wildlife: Rooftop Garden is also the perfect habitat for the birds and others. This will help in having a positive effect on wildlife. Green roofs create biodiversity when planted with indigenous flora.
- Increases the property values: Rooftop Garden automatically increases the re-sale or rental values of the property. It increases the life expectancy of the roof of the building. Vertical gardens and green roofs protect the roof coverings; they extend the life of existing fabric by and up to 200% by protecting the roof membrane from climatic extremes and physical abuse.
- Property tax credit incentive for green roofs: The New York city passed a city bylaw that rewards the building owners who cover 50 percent of available space of rooftops with the green roof with a one-year property tax credit of up to $100,000. Other municipalities and other government agencies provide incentives that can help offset the cost of roof gardens.